What Is The International Tropical Timber Agreement

Fifty-eight parties signed the 1983 agreement: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Burma, Cameroon, Canada, People`s Republic of China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Denmark, Ecuador, European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Liberia, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, Venezuela Circone, A. E., Urpelainen, J. Trade Sanctions in International Policy? Conflict Management and Peace Sciences, 34 (4), 309-334. Ringquist, E. J., Kostadinova, T. (2004). Assessing the effectiveness of international environmental agreements: the case of the 1985 Helsinki Protocol. American Journal of Political Science, 49 (1), 86-102. Of the 1000 common votes of the producer`s members, 400 should be distributed equally among the three producing regions, with each region allocated equally among its members; 300 votes should be distributed among producer members based on the respective share of total forest resources of all producer members, the remaining 300 votes relative to the average of net tropical exports over the past three years (Poore 2003, p. 36). Jonsson, R., Mbongo, W., Felton, A., Boman, M. (2012).

The impact of the displacement of leaks on European timber markets by reducing deforestation in developing countries. Forests, 3 (3), 736-744. Mitchell, R.B. (2003). International agreements on the environment: an overview of their characteristics, their education and their effects. Annual Environmental and Resource Review, 28, 429-461 Mitchell, R.B (2013). Draft database of international environmental agreements (version 2013.1). iea.uoregon.edu Armstrong, G. W. (2004). The sustainability of the wood supply, given the risk of forest fires. Forest Science, 50 (5), 626-639.

Jacobson, H. K., Weiss, E.B. (1995). Strengthening compliance with international environmental agreements: preliminary observations of a cooperation project. Global Governance, 1, 119-148. L. Flejzor. Reform of international agreements on tropical timber. Review of European Community – International Environmental Law, 14 (1), 19-27. Merry, F., Soares-Filho, B., Nepstad, D., Amacher, G., Rodrigues, H. (2009). Balance between preservation and economic sustainability: the future of the Amazon wood industry.

Environmental Management, 44, 395-407. ITTO`s Economic Information and Market Intelligence Action Programme focuses on improving the flow of tropical wood to producers and consumers; it aims to help Member States understand and exploit tropical timber and other goods and services in tropical forests. The program includes work on timber trade and market data, market access, forest certification, ecosystem services, enforcement of forest legislation and the marketing of tropical timber and non-wood products, including www.itto.int/economic_market/. Tropical countries are defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, which consider a nation to be tropical when part or all of the land mass between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn (Davis et al.

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